Famous for its distinctive yellow digging machines, this company was started by the late Joseph Cyril Bamford in a small garage in 1945. It now produces 130 different machines for agriculture and construction. JCB has been run by Bamford’s son, Sir Anthony, since 1976. Despite tough operating conditions it has opened a factory in Brazil and claims 7.5% of the world market in construction equipment. Its 2002 accounts report operating profits of £20m on sales of £807m, with 4,585 staff.
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